The History course taught in the 11th grade begins with the unit titled “What is History”, and covers all periods until the 18th century. The topics include the definition of History as a discipline, the major civilizations that shaped Antiquity (Mesopotamia, Egypt, Anatolia, China, India), the cultural dynamics of Central Asian civilizations, the changes that occurred after the Turks embraced Islam, the sociocultural dynamics that spread to Anatolia, the history and civilization of Islam, the factors that were influential in the transition from Ancient Europe to Medieval Europe. The course also explores the transformations that paved the way for the Early Modern ages, and the history of the Ottoman Empire is taught concurrently with this topic. The last units of the curriculum focus on the developments that led to the Age of Enlightenment, the factors that brought the stagnation of the Ottoman Empire and an overview of the events that had an impact on the 18th century.
History of the Turkish Republic
This course is taught in the 12th grade. The topics include the factors that led to the French Revolution in 18th century Europe, the Restoration period, the impact of these developments on Ottoman politics and diplomacy, the consequences of ‘balanced politics’ and the ‘Orient question’ for the Ottoman Empire in the 19th century, the other factors that brought about its disintegration, the concurrent constitutional developments, the changes in world politics in the 20th century and the internal affairs of the Empire, the factors and the ideas that led to the First World War, the fall of the Ottoman Empire, the Anatolian revolt, the preparation/action/reform phases of the national movement for independence, and the social changes brought about by Atatürk’s reforms. This course is enhanced with documentaries and visuals.
As a discipline, Geography can be considered a science because it explores natural formations and the processes that explain them, and also a social study because it deals with social, cultural and economic processes.
The aim of the Geography course taught in the 10th grade is to help students learn the scope of geography starting from their natural environment and extending to global dimensions, to grasp the appearance of geographical formations on the Earth, their cause-and-effect relationships and their impact on human life, to understand the connections between physical and social environments, and to develop responsibility and sensitivity towards natural and social environments. The course also examines Turkey’s place in the world and its strategic importance, and aims for students to develop responsibility in promoting the development of the country.
The topics include the universe, the motion of Earth, geographical characteristics, mapping, climates, the formation of Earth, geological formations, climate, hydrography, soil properties, the natural flora of Turkey’s regions, and the resulting economic, social and cultural structures.
This course is taught in the 11th grade. The aim is to help students develop questioning and critical thinking skills, query assumptions in order to reach true knowledge, research, avoid prejudice and value wisdom over pedantry.
The course explores the history of philosophy and the major questions that philosophers tackled from the rise of philosophy to today like existence, knowledge and values.
Introduction to History
This is a core course taught in the 9th grade. The aim is to develop students’ thinking, understanding and language skills through reading, listening, questioning, interpretation and presentations, thus helping them to become independent-thinking and creative individuals. The departing point is philosophical articles, anecdotes, model events, letters, myths, etc. The teaching method requires students to establish connections between their own experiences and what they learn in class/the texts they read, to question the world with an individual and critical mind, to uncover the relationship between thought, language and the world, and to improve their verbal and written expression skills.
Religion and Ethics
The aim of this class is to make students comprehend the relationship between God and man. The topics include the concept of religion, other religions and their characteristics, primitive religions, Christianity, Judaism and Islam, religion and morals, our responsibilities to the state, cleanliness, righteousness and frugality. The course also aims to strengthen the ties of love, respect and friendship with an emphasis on morals in Islam, national unity, unification of state and nation, customs and traditions, working and being productive. Further topics include Islam and the universe, the characteristics of Islam that make it universal, Turkish Islamic culture and civilization, Atatürk and religion, moral duties, justice, ethics and religion.
Traffic and First Aid
This course is taught in the 12th grade. The purpose of the course is to teach traffic safety, and thus to reduce the risk of accidents and casualties. The course focuses on the attitude and the behavior of responsible pedestrians, drivers and passengers. The first aid component deals with first aid and life saving techniques in the case of accidents.